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Helium makes up most of the remaining 25%. All others are substantially less common. primary origin of each of the elements that occur naturally in the periodic table. Interestingly, plutonium got its name from the planet of Pluto. top 10 rarest elements in the universerestaurants tamarindo. In his book The Disappearing Spoon Sam explains that when the periodic table was being assembled, nobody had seen an atom with 85 protons, but because the 85 box is directly below the Iodine box ("I" atomic number 53) they figured, when it turns up, it might resemble iodine. In general, elements up to iron are made by large stars in the process of becoming supernovae, or by smaller stars in the process of dying. The Top Ten. When it comes to classifying elements, the story starts in the 19th century with the birth of Dmitri Mendeleev. There are also breaks in the abundance graph where the six noble gases would be, since they are not chemically bound in the Earth's crust, and they are only generated in the crust by decay chains from radioactive elements, and are therefore extremely rare there. be surrounded by neutral atoms of (mostly) hydrogen gas, which absorbs the starlight and slows any ejecta. Neon. As a result, the element is essentially impossible to find outside of a laboratory setting. Osmium and iridium were identified in the black residue which were left after dissolving platinum in aqua regia (a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids). The elements of the periodic table, and where they. Each of these elements produces X-rays within narrow energy ranges, allowing maps of their location to be created. 1.) The remaining elemental composition is roughly typical of the "rocky" inner planets, which formed in the thermal zone where solar heat drove volatile compounds into space. Rhodium is the rarest non-radioactive metal in the entire world. It has a melting point of 1538C. These stones are very rare that is the reason not seen easily in the world. In 2006, scientists working at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, US announced the creation of ununoctium by bombarding atoms of californium-249 with ions of calcium-48. Besides its use in jewelry, rhodium is also used to make electrical contacts and in catalytic converters. The elements that is, ordinary (baryonic) matter made of protons, neutrons, and electrons, are only a small part of the content of the Universe. Rhodium is a member of the platinum group and a noble metal. Top 10 rarest metal in the universe | metals on the earth | expensive | Antimeter-There are in all top 10 metal according to their expense .And they are the . These discoveries led The New Yorker to muse that if only they'd waited longer they could have spelled out their complete name the university has lost forever the chance of immortalizing itself in the atomic tables with some such sequence as universitium (97), ofium (98), californium(99), berkelium(100). The rarest metal on earth is actually francium, but because this unstable element has a half life of a mere 22 minutes, it has no practical use. The rarest elements in the crust (shown in yellow) are not the heaviest, but are rather the siderophile (iron-loving) . What are Dirty Thunderstorms and When Do They Appear? These two elements are now only produced naturally through the spontaneous fission of very heavy radioactive elements (for example, uranium, thorium, or the trace amounts of plutonium that exist in uranium ores), or by the interaction of certain other elements with cosmic rays. It decays into ruthenium-98 through beta decay. Iron-56 is particularly common, since it is the most stable nuclide (in that it has the highest nuclear binding energy per nucleon) and can easily be made from alpha particles (being a product of decay of radioactive nickel-56, ultimately made from 14 helium nuclei). The most current, up-to-date image showing the. The silvery-white metallic element only occurs in up to one part per 200 million in the Earths crust, so its extremely difficult to track down and really hard to harvest. So astatine blinks out fast. Astatine is a chemical element with symbol At and atomic number 85. The abundance of elements in specialized environments, such as atmospheres, or oceans, or the human body, are primarily a product of chemical interactions with the medium in which they reside. This is because the atmosphere has a far smaller mass than the crust, so argon remaining in the crust contributes little to mass fraction there, while at the same time buildup of argon in the atmosphere has become large enough to be significant. [1][2] The elements from carbon to iron are relatively more abundant in the universe because of the ease of making them in supernova nucleosynthesis. The material isnt typically encountered in nature since it only occurs in very small quantities across the planet. Essentially all of the rarest elements on Earth are radioactive and dont have commercial/practical uses. And then every eight hours the other half of the astatine would disintegrate until in a few days it would be completely gone. It has no known practical uses outside of scientific research. The Milky Way Galaxy with large and small Magellanic clouds. Put simply, this element is nearly impossible to track down and just as tricky to handle, making it incredibly expensive. Today, China, Australia and Russia form the top three gold-producing countries. Here are 10 paintings for which record high prices were paid. This requires UV light from stellar temperatures of 50,000 K and above. [Note 1]. 1. One of the main. A Swiss chemist came next and called his discovery "helvetium" from Helvetia, (Latin for Switzerland), but nobody could reproduce what he'd done, until finally three Berkeley scientists did it right, and so it became Astatine. Ununbium is number six. The most abundant element in the universe is hydrogen, which makes up about three-quarters of all matter! Before this insanely rare element was discovered in 1939, Russian scientist Dmitry I. Mendeleyev (the man who developed the periodic classifications of the elements) predicted that such an element might exist. Tritium was discovered in 1934 by three physicists: M.L. The Sun, today, is very small compared to giants. Everything found on planet Earth is composed of the same ingredients: atoms. Hydrogen. A further observed peculiarity is the jagged alternation between relative abundance and scarcity of adjacent atomic numbers in the elemental abundance curve, and a similar pattern of energy levels in the nuclear binding energy curve. The more distant galaxies are being viewed as they appeared in the past, so their abundances of elements appear closer to the primordial mixture. IRIDIUM. Astatine. !Subscribe if you haven't already #shorts #rare Berkelium was named after the city of Berkley, California, where the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (then the University of California Radiation Laboratory) is located. British chemist Smithson Tennant discovered both iridium and osmium in 1803. The merger scenario is responsible for the majority of many of the heavy elements in the Universe, including iron, which is the 9th most abundant element and the heaviest one to crack the top 10. When you look at the periodic table, youll find that astatine is also a member of the halogen family, belonging to the Group 17 of the periodic table. Although exact numbers throughout the galaxy are unknown, the metal appears to be the 23rd most common element in the Sun. But this is only possible with heavy elements, which are only created once stars form. Currently, the list of the most expensive materials on earth are dominated by rare earth elements such as platinum, precious gems like diamonds, illicit drugs and advanced materials that are dangerous and hard to produce. The most expensive metals in the world. Gallium is the top ten strangest elements on The Periodic Table. Some rare galaxies exhibit a green glow thanks to the presence of doubly ionized oxygen. A few more trace elements may play some role in the health of mammals. This resulted into ununoctium-294, which is a stable isotope with a half-life of 0.89 milliseconds when calculated. 8. They named it brevium because of the brevity for the shortness of its half-life (about 1.17 minutes). the presence of doubly ionized oxygen. Tritium is an isotope of hydrogen. Rhodium This extremely rare, valuable and silvery-colored metal is commonly used for its reflective properties. Although the Oganessons existence was predicted way back in 1895 by Danish chemist Hans Peter Jrgen Julius Thomsen, Oganesson wasnt synthesized until 2005. From the sample, Wollaston removed the platinum and palladium, but from this procedure he was left with a dark red powder which turned out to be sodium rhodium chloride. The 10 Most Unusual Objects in the Universe Antimatter Mini Black Holes Dark Matter Exoplanets Quasars Rogue Planets 'Oumuamua Neutron Stars Hoag's Object Magnetars Stephen Hawking Quote "Look up at the stars and not down at your feet. Francium is number seven. These are the only ones of which the news has come . See the article about nucleosynthesis for an explanation of how certain nuclear fusion processes in stars (such as carbon burning, etc.) Considered as one of the most important elements for life, Carbon is quite expensive for its abundance. Of all the elements on this list, plutonium is probably the most famous and the most destructive. Found throughout the Universe, atoms naturally occur in over 80 varieties. Everyone is probably familiar with the more common elements on the periodic table, such as Hydrogen, Gold, and Oxygen, but the rare elements on this list aren't talked about often outside of the scientific community. Segre went on to become a group leader for the Manhattan project which built the first atomic weapon. Francium-223 is franciums most stable isotope. Neptunium is the first transuranic element, coming just after Uranium on the periodic table. The rarest stable metal is tantalum. For example, the abundance of oxygen in pure water can be measured in two ways: the mass fraction is about 89%, because that is the fraction of water's mass which is oxygen. They bombarded a sheet of bismuth metal, that's two doors down from Astatine in the periodic table, with alpha particle to produce Astatine 211, which has a half life of about 7 1/2 hours and it neatly filled the gap in the periodic table just beneath iodine. These elements are very, very rare. The only real use of the element has been in the creation of synthetic elements, such as tennessine. What is the most unknown element? organic molecules and biological processes, in interstellar space as well as on planets. What is so rare it has never been seen directly, because if you could get enough of it together, it would self-vaporize from its own radioactive heat? Carbon is the 4th most abundant element in the Universe today. That price is the result of how incredibly rare rhodium is. So while it may be possible that there are trace amounts of Americium naturally in uranium minerals as a result of nuclear reactions, its existence in nature has yet to be confirmed. In the 18th century, platinum's rarity made King Louis XV of France declare it the only metal fit for a king. The heaviest naturally-occurring element is uranium (atomic number 92, atomic weight 238.0289). The next three elements in the periodic table (lithium, beryllium, and boron) are rare, despite their low atomic number. Instead, Americium is produced by uranium or plutonium being bombarded with neutrons in nuclear reactors. The most abundant element in the universe is hydrogen, which makes up about three-quarters of all matter! Remaining elements, making up only about 2% of the universe, were largely produced by supernovae and certain red giant stars. MONTARGS ET AL., ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: ERIC PANTIN, The classification system of stars by color and. magnitude is very useful. Despite comprising only a very small fraction of the universe, the remaining "heavy elements" can greatly influence astronomical phenomena. Technetium-98 is technetiums most stable isotope, and has the half-life of about 4.2 million years. How do you discover something you can't see and can't find? Do undiscovered elements exist? Kangaroo joey Inside the Pouch (Australia) This rare image comes from the pouch of a mother kangaroo, where a kangaroo joey grows in peace. The material costs way more than silver and gold with a price tag of about $545 per gram (thats nearly $17,000 per ounce). It has an atomic number 26. early Universe to form the lightest elements and isotopes: deuterium, helium-3, and helium-4. It is chiefly obtained as a byproduct of mining and refining platinum, or of nickel mining operation. Besides being extremely rare, if you were to actually get a hold of astatine, it wont be around very long anyway. The rest is thought to be made up of dark energy (68%) and dark matter (27%). Carbon. Learn About the Very Wild and Interesting Psychedelic Era. Lithium, beryllium, and boron, despite their low atomic number, are rare because, although they are produced by nuclear fusion, they are destroyed by other reactions in the stars. today, as measured for our Solar System. 202259 top 10 rarest elements in the universe : stretch marks from lifting good or bad stretch marks from lifting good or bad This distinction is significant because hydrogen and helium are the only elements that were produced in significant quantities in the Big Bang. One tonne of spent nuclear fuel contains about 100 grams of Americium and several kilograms are produced each year to be used in smoke detectors, industrial gauges, neutron sources, and other research and practical applications. Astatine. Iridium is also used as an alloy for osmium to create the tips of fountain pens and compass bearings. "So far we have just have the names.". Although Curium had probably already been produced in previous nuclear experiments, it wasnt intentionally produced until 1944, at the University of. Astatine is the rarest element on Earth; only approximately 25 grams occur naturally on the planet at any given time. 12 Most Expensive Restaurants in Philadelphia, 10 Most Expensive Camera Lenses You Can Ever Buy. The result, described in a paper just published in Nature Communications, is important for both fundamental and applied research.As well as giving access to hitherto unknown . 27. (One AU is about 93 million miles.). It's sitting modestly in a lower row in the Periodic Table, down on the lower right, in a box marked "At.". 10 Rarest Elements on Earth Americium. Technetium is developed by bombarding molybdenum atoms with deuterons that had been accelerated by a special device called a cyclotron. What are the top 3 most abundant element in the universe? It has a high melting point and an amazing ability to withstand corrosion. Jun 8, 2022. The rarest naturally occurring element in the universe. Altogether, scientists have discovered 118 elements. Interestingly, despite being radioactive, some reports suggest scientists havent discovered any specific health effects in humans after exposure to neptunium. Astatine has a half life of about eight hours. By surveying our local region of the Universe, we find that only 5% of stars are as massive (or more) than our Sun is. Did you also believe that "you being born" is 1 in 1 Trillion Chance of Happening? Scientists have a hard time getting their hands on this element. Oxygen is the 3rd most abundant element in the Universe: about 1% of all the atoms, by mass. Although francium is a naturally occurring element, scientists have extracted no more than an ounce of it from the earths crust at one time. With air, you have unlimited space to evade and dodge attacks . Experts say this doesnt pose any health risk and the material quickly leaves the body within about two months of ingestion. Well, Sam reports, scientists at UC Berkeley discovered so many elements in the 40s and 50s, they could be patient. Osmium is hard, brittle and silvery with a blue cast. Painite is considered as the rarest element in the whole universe. Nitrogen. In the story, Captain Marvel's archenemy and mad scientist Dr. Sivana went back in time to steal the mystic bracelet of the wizard Shazam, making himself a ghost who Captain Marvel couldn't . For a more official version of Astatine's discovery, here's a synopsis from Chemistry World: Astatine was the second synthetic element to be conclusively identified just three years after Technetium, was isolated by Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segre of the University of Palermo. Watch popular content from the following creators: Leon Sweeting(@leonsweeting), Forging_history_saga(@forging_history_saga), Darren Benavides(@darrenbenavides8), Leon Sweeting(@leonsweeting), Adam Ney(@adamney100), Leon Sweeting(@leonsweeting), Leon Sweeting(@leonsweeting), Facts For You(@factsforutoknow), jlm.physics . Berkelium-247 is the elements most stable isotope. A similar sample of francium would hang on for 20 minutes. 2. Ultratrace minerals. Element 98 is. Element 97 is called berkelium. However, the mole fraction is about 33% because only 1 atom of 3 in water, H2O, is oxygen. However; to me, this power has to be seriously limited for me to possess. Scientists believe that no more than 25 grams of astatine can be found in the surface of the entire earth. but will grow to the size of Arcturus in its red giant phase, some 250 times its current size. KERVELLA/M. Its existence was predicted in the 1800s, but was finally discovered about 70 . 10. Its even been used to power space missions, including the Mars Curiosity Rover. These other elements are generated by stellar processes. Currently there are a total of 31 grams of the . But with all this place-naming, I wondered, why didn't the Berkeley scientists name their element after Berkeley? It has a half-life of about 22 minutes. and named his version "dakkin", but his method proved faulty. create the elements heavier than hydrogen and helium. Scientists believe that no more than 25 grams of astatine can be found in the surface of the entire earth. The abundances of the elements in the Universe. 10. is tomson highway married; multi coated eyeglasses benefits; laptop camera not working windows 11; legal business awards 2022; parcel viewer geodecisions; sims 4 traits bundle 2020; rutgers big ten tournament tickets; salernitana - juventus forebet; mercedes a class dimensions; 2.) Ununoctium is a rare element, since very little of it have been produced. What are the 3 rarest elements found on Earth? Today, the material is regularly used to light objects like safety signs, including exit signs you may see in public spaces. While most of the elements on this list, especially the completely synthetic ones, have very short half-lives, the longest-lived and most abundant (nearly 100%) naturally occurring isotope of protactinium, protactinium-231, has a half-life of 32,760 years and is a decay product of uranium-235. Dmitri was a Russian scientist who developed an early version of the periodic table. What are the top 3 most abundant element in the universe? NASA/CXC/M.Weiss; X-ray: NASA/CXC/GSFC/U.Hwang & J.Laming, This image from NASAs Chandra X-ray Observatory. The title of the most expensive precious metal in the world goes to Rhodium. Iridium is considered one of the rarest elements on earth; only about three tons of iridium are produced annually. Its existence was predicted in the 1800s, but was finally discovered about 70 years later. 71 - Lutetium (Lu) Astatine (At) may be the rarest naturally occurring element in the Earth's crust, but it is a member of the halogen family [ fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At)] and is presumed to have characteristics similar to other Group 17 elements. Heavy elements are formed in a supernova, a massive explosion of a . Over 13.8 billion years of star formation, the helium percentage has now increased to ~28%. Four new elements were discovered and added to the periodic table as recently as 2016, but similar discoveries have taken place throughout the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Rarer than any metal, any mineral, so rare that if you scan the entire earth, all six million billion billion kilos or 13,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 pounds of our planet, you would find only one ounce of it? Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. What is the strangest element? Today, the element is typically used in systems that convert harmful engine emissions into less damaging fumes. While Protactinium is mostly extracted from spent nuclear fuel, it is found naturally. Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: hydrogen (H), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P) . Iridium is one of the rarest metals in the Earth's crust, with annual production of just three tonnes. The radioactive element astatine is so rare that its inclusion in the Periodic Table of the Elements was made at first in theoretical character. 7.) To'ak Chocolate. The Earth formed from the same cloud of matter that formed the Sun, but the planets acquired different compositions during the formation and evolution of the solar system. It was first discovered by English chemist William Hyde Wollaston in 1803 shortly after his discovery of another element palladium. Osmium and iridium are found next right to each other in the periodic table, with the latters atomic number being at 77. Trace amounts of Curium have been found in certain areas used for the atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. The longest-lived and most common isotopes of Americium, Americium-241 and Americium-243 have half-lives of 432.2 and 7,370 years, respectively. Here are the top eight most expensive elements in the world. However, rhodium is great for jewelry plating because of its shiny, mirror-like reflectivity that make jewelry and shiner and brighter through electroplating. What is the newest element? The nucleon-to-photon ratio determines how many of each element and isotope existed after the Big Bang, with about 25% helium. The Top Ten. 3. It becomes superconductive below 1.4 K. It is one of the rarest and most expensive naturally-occurring elements, and also quite toxic. Due to its rarity, terribly high cost, toxicity and high radioactivity, protactinium is of very little use outside of scientific research. Most standard (baryonic) matter is found in intergalactic gas, stars, and interstellar clouds, in the form of atoms or ions (plasma), although it can be found in degenerate forms in extreme astrophysical settings, such as the high densities inside white dwarfs and neutron stars. For example, I want to consciously exist, in real-time, up to 60 minutes in the future which means I can see whats . Bismuth is number five. Createdby fusion processes in massive stars, magnesium is Earths #4 element:behind iron, silicon and oxygen. Astatine sits on the bottom row of the periodic table, with the symbol At and atomic number no. . Californium is the most dangers to humans when it enters that body as the element can bioaccumulate in skeletal tissues and disrupt the formation of red blood cells. "And argon, krypton, neon, radon, xenon, zinc and rhodium, And chlorine, cobalt, carbon, copper, tungsten,. The meaning of the word "rare" in the term . However, the element is relatively common inside nuclear facilities and labs since its used in neutron detectors. Copernicium is Number Nine. The bulk composition of the Earth by elemental-mass is roughly similar to the gross composition of the solar system, with the major differences being that Earth is missing a great deal of the volatile elements hydrogen, helium, neon, and nitrogen, as well as carbon which has been lost as volatile hydrocarbons. According to the abundance curve graph, argon, a significant if not major component of the atmosphere, does not appear in the crust at all. The material costs way more than silver and gold with a price tag of about $545 per gram (that's nearly $17,000 per ounce). In 1931, an Alabama physicist said, "I've done it!" i hope u enjoyed my high school knowledge Sponsored by The Penny Hoarder Protactinium is a chemical element with the symbol Pa and atomic number 91. Iridium is mostly used as a hardening agent for platinum, ending up together as an alloy. Sadly, Marguerite Perey developed bone cancer after being exposed to the radiation present in francium. Oxygen. In fact, rhodium can cost ten times as much as gold or more! The 10 most common elements in the universe are: Hydrogen is a gas that makes up around 75% of the visible universe. The group was studying at the University of California, Berkeley when they found that berkelium was a product of interactions between other materials. Two different ways to make a Type Ia supernova: the accretion scenario (L) and the merger scenario (R). While diamonds vary widely in price, a flawless diamond would run you upwards of $65,000 per gram. This produces the majority of the Universes nitrogen. 10 Most Abundant Elements In Earth's Crust Oxygen - 46.1% Silicon - 28.2% Aluminium - 8.23% Iron - 5.63% Calcium - 4.15% Sodium - 2.36% Magnesium - 2.33% Potassium - 2.09% What are the 4 main components of the universe? It isn't astatine any longer. 10. Rhodium has the tendency to occur along with deposits of platinum. Francium. Helium is the third element. Tritium is used in research and to illuminate phosphors as a light source. It is found in uranium in very small quantities. 5. Like Protactinium, which is also on this list, most of the naturally occurring Promethium can be found in uraninite ore deposits. A team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth. Nobody knows, but there are very unique and rare planets, that's for sure! Berkelium Another one of the rarest metals on earth, berkelium is a rare radioactive transuranic element with the symbol Bk and atomic number 97. Since Uranium was named after the planet Uranus, scientists decided to name Neptunium after Neptune, the next planet beyond Uranus. Rhodium. Rain as seen from an airplane window (Britain) A giant rain cloud, seen from a light aircraft, pours its contents down on Burbage between Leicester and Birmingham. Its nickname should be "gone!" It has a half-life of about 1,380 years, and breaks down into americium-243 through alpha decay. Both technetium and promethium have been identified spectroscopically in the atmospheres of stars, where they are produced by ongoing nucleosynthetic processes. Francium is the most expensive element on Earth. One gram of this metal will cost you about $270 thats $122,500 per pound. Classified as a halogen, Astatine is a solid at room temperature. 5.) Or lighter atoms could be made weightier. This makes rhodium a precious metal, just like gold and silver. On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. Curium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element that was named for Marie and Pierre Curie, who were known for their research on radioactivity. In most rare earth ore deposits, the first four rare earth elements - lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, and neodymium - constitute 80% to 99% of the total amount of rare earth metal that can be found in the ore. Mantle [ edit] Main article: Earth's mantle Astatine is the rarest element on Earth; only approximately 25 grams occur naturally on the planet at any given time. Abundance at scales including the Universe, the Earth and the human body, Anderson, Don L.; Chemical Composition of the Mantle in. Iridium is nearly as dense as the densest metal osmium and is the most corrosion-resistant metal element, resistant to air, water, salts and acids. These elements are surrounded by stable elements, yet their most stable isotopes have relatively short half lives (~4 million years and ~18 years respectively). The persistence of the term reflects unfamiliarity rather than true rarity. Well, here's a hint. Second, the lighter rare earth elements are more incompatible (because they have larger ionic radii) and therefore more strongly concentrated in the continental crust than the heavier rare earth elements. What is earth rarest metal? Protactinium is highly radioactive and also has a high toxicity. Francium is so fragile, it's basically useless." While most elements originate primarily in supernovae or merging neutron stars, many vitally important elements are created, in part or even mostly, in planetary nebulae, which do not arise from the first generation of stars. Other natural metals are much rarer than rhodium . Though black opal is the rarest of the opals, if you would still like to wear this gorgeous gemstone at an affordable price, we suggest this white opal jewellery piece from Elements Gold. Try to make sense of what you see, and wonder about what makes the universe exist. It has the atomic number 118 in the periodic table, and the symbol Og. As the 50th most common element on earth, scandium isnt exceedingly rare, but its still rare enough to demand a hefty price tag. According to one report, Pereys radiation exposure was so intense that radiation counters in labs would go off alerting the scientists to Pereys contamination. Berkelium (or Bk) was found in 1949 by several American chemists: Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso, and Glenn T. Seaborg. It was first identified in 1913 by American chemist Kasimir (or Kazimierz) Fajans and German chemist Oswald Helmut Gohring. MostAmazingTop10 7.48M subscribers Top 10 Rarest Events In The Universe Subscribe To Most Amazing Top 10: How the universe works is a marvelous thing. Two of the world's rarest metals are rhodium, which is estimated to be three parts per billion in the universe, and osmium, which is estimated to be about 0.6 parts per billion in the universe. Since the discovery of Curium, as well as Americum, were part of the Manhattan Project, the elements were kept secret from the public.

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top 10 rarest elements in the universe
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