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Youth custody report for August 2013 published. , Individuals self-harming rates are derived by 1,000 x (number of individual in year)/(average monthly population for year). This is a slight rise in median offence to completion from 2015 for females of 2% (150 days) and a larger rise of 9% for males (149 days). The largest increase in female representation was seen in court judges by 5 percentage points, to 32%. April 2017 to March 2018) offender cohort. Females had a higher average number of reoffences per reoffender compared to males, at 4.33 and 3.99, respectively. Female representation within MoJ and CPS remained constant. Following changes to the administrative systems at the Crown Court that completed in September 2019, estimates of defendants representation status at the Crown Court are not available for this release. , Information about sex was provided for all individuals in this chapter; there are no unknown or not stated cases for any of the CJS organisations discussed. Youth custody report for November 2014 published. Instances of self-harm per individual was over twice as high for females at 9.3, compared to 4.4 for males. There were some differences between the gender groups at this attainment level across all disposals. Of those remanded in custody at magistrates court in 2019, 65% of male defendants were sent for trial or sentencing at Crown Court, compared to 50% of female defendants. (2020). The proportion of convicted offenders who were female was 27% in 2019 and has remained stable over the last 5 years. Figure 5.02: Individuals dealt with formally by the CJS, by sex, 2015 to 2019. Figure 5.03: Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates courts, by offence type and sex, 2015 to 2019. The overall level of concordance between sentences proposed and sentences given (excluding Other) has fallen from 74% in 2017 to 68% in 2018 and was 60% in 2019. , Lancashire Constabulary and Greater Manchester Police were unable to supply complete data for 2018/19 and for 2019/20 respectively. Male homicide victims had higher prevalence in all age groups, except those over 65, and 5-15, where females were more often the victim. , The conviction ratio is defined as the ratio of convictions to prosecutions for a principle offence over one year. This is largely due to the introduction of the offence of assaulting an emergency worker in 2018, for which 3,300 females were prosecuted in 2019. Defendants with unknown or not stated sex accounted for 10% of all prosecutions in 2019. Prosecutions for indictable offences for females have decreased by 29% since 2015, from 48,000 to 33,800. , Please note that the spacing of the time period displayed does not align with the actual time scale, for example the time between sentenced to custody for 0-1 month is smaller than 6 to 12 months. , See the Criminal justice statistics outcomes by offence data tool in Criminal Justice Statistics Quarterly: December 2019 to obtain all statistics on prosecutions, convictions and sentencing quoted in this chapter. 5. The proportion of all young offenders in the matched cohort that achieved 5 or more GCSEs (or equivalents) graded A* to C, including English and Maths, was slightly higher for the young female group, at 12%, compared to 10% for young males. , Details can be found in the Technical Guide published alongside this report. Of all female offenders cautioned or convicted in 2019, 35% were first time offenders, compared to 22% for males. This report is a compendium of information from a range of data sources from across the CJS on the representation of females (and males) among victims, suspects, defendants and offenders. In 2019, Black males were particularly over represented, accounting for 12% of all male prosecutions. in the 14 years to March 2019, the number of young people in youth custody went down in every ethnic group. Monthly statistics on the population in custody of children and young people within secure childrens homes (SCHs), secure training centres (STCs) and young offender institutions (YOIs). This chapter explores outcomes for defendants in the Criminal Justice System (CJS) predominantly drawing on data from the Criminal Justice Statistics quarterly: December 2019 publication. , For both indictable and summary offences. , In this section, children are the standard unit we are describing, even when not explicitly stating so in the text. , Source: GCSE and equivalent results: 2013 to 2014 (revised) National tables: Table 3a: GCSE and equivalent entries and achievements of pupils at the end of key stage 4 by type of school and gender. Cautions issued[footnote 33][footnote 34] Child custody statistics from the US Census Bureau report published in May 2020 and gathered in 2018 show that there were 12.9 million custodial parents in the US, living with 21.9 million children under 21. , Data on Prison Population uses the 30 June 2019 snapshot from the Offender management statistics quarterly: January to March 2019. Youth custody report for February 2015 published. In 2019, 86% of female offenders were sentenced to a fine with an average fine of 230, compared to 72% of male offenders with an average fine of 302. in the year ending March 2019, 27.8% of people in youth custody were Black - more than double the percentage in the year ending March 2006 (12.5%) White people made up around half (50.6%) of young people in . , For the detailed statistics for specific offences used in this chapter, see the Principal offence proceedings and outcomes by Home Office offence code data tool in Criminal Justice Statistics Quarterly: December 2019. The following section discusses child offenders at different stages of the Criminal Justice System. Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 1999 October 2002 In the spring of 2000, an estimated 13.5 million parents had custody of 21.7 million children under 21 years of age whose other parent lived somewhere else. A greater proportion of female offenders are sentenced for offences that tend to receive shorter sentences. The overall style and composition of the report have also been changed to align with Statistics on Race and the Criminal Justice System 2018, with the intention of making it easier for readers to interpret the relative experiences of males and females throughout the CJS. In 2019, 1.07 million offenders were sentenced, of which 27% were female, a proportion which has remained stable over the last 5 years. In 2019, there were 72,200 first receptions into prison, of which 90% were male and 10% were female. , Domestic abuse is made up of partner or family non-physical abuse, threats, force, sexual assault or stalking. This may result in a single offender being included in the annual cohort more than once. The indictable offences for which the highest numbers of female offenders were sentenced in 2019 were: Theft from shops (9600 were sentenced, 3% of all sentences given to female offenders in 2019); Assault of an emergency worker (2700 sentenced); Fraud by false representation: cheque, plastic card and online bank accounts (940 sentenced); Possession of a Class A drug (870 sentenced); and. This chapter looks at the interaction between sex and other key characteristics throughout the Criminal Justice System including, ethnicity, age, offending history, and reoffending. 5 or more GCSEs (or equivalents) graded A* to C, including English & Maths. Youth custody report for May 2016 published. , The cautioning rate is the number of offenders who were given a caution divided by the number who were either cautioned or convicted (excluding summary motoring offences). Custody Rate and Average Custodial Sentence Length (ACSL)[footnote 83]. Violent crime was most prevalent in the 16-24 age group (Figure 3.02). Additionally, men are awarded less support on average than mothers who are awarded support. Youth custody report for September 2014 published. For example, an offender who had a conviction or caution outside England and Wales and was arrested by a police force in England and Wales would be counted as a first time offender. , Figures from this paragraph are sourced from the data underpinning the Criminal Court Statistics (annual): January to March 2020 bulletin. The proportion of males issued a caution for indictable offences was 56%, compared to 52% for female offenders. Dont include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. There was also a higher proportion of females with mental health needs, the majority of which were depressive illness which affected 25% of females compared to 20% of males. Among both adult female and male offenders, the reoffending rate was highest for those aged 35 to 39 at 30.4% and 34.4%, respectively. The median time from charge for first listing decreased for females (down 12%) but increased for males (up 15%). The HMPPS Offender Equalities report 2019/20 (released on the same day as this report) also includes information on: Mother and Baby units, Sexual Orientation in the Prison Population, Accredited Programmes, Incentives and Earned Privileges and Electronic Monitoring. In 2019, a smaller proportion of female offenders were sentenced for indictable offences at 10%, compared to 22% of male offenders. Youth custody report for March 2015 published. A gender bias argument should not be used by a divorced father unless he has personal experience and can back up that experience with proof. A higher proportion of females also reported having a child under 18. The figure was higher for custodial fathers at 54.6%. , Self-declared from HR records, for serving magistrates, as at 1 April 2020. Figure 4.05: Number of cautions issued, by sex, 2015 to 2019. Females had a higher cautioning rate for indictable offences (20%) and a lower rate for summary offences (4%) compared to males (14% and 9% respectively) in 2019. The data described comes from various sources including the Home Office. This was considerably lower than the proportion of pupils achieving this attainment level for the overall pupil population (including both offenders and non-offenders) in 2013/14[footnote 94] (62% for young females and 52% for young males) and 2014/15[footnote 95] (62% for young females and 53% for young males). We use some essential cookies to make this website work. In 2019/20, 7,002 prisoners completed the survey of which 694 were female. Among young females who were dealt with by a community penalty, 90% had a record of persistent absence, compared to 82% of young males; a 9 percentage point difference. Offenders with 1 to 14 previous cautions or convictions accounted for 51% of all offenders in 2019, 86% were male, compared to 14% who were female. Youth custody statistics for October 2013 published. Youth custody report November 2017 and youth custody data for November 2017 published. Youth custody report for April 2016 published. Of the females remanded in custody at the Crown Court for indictable offences in 2019, 80% were White, 10% were Black, 4% were Asian, 5% were Mixed and 2% were Chinese and Other. Topics include: Prison Population, Youth Custody, Unsentenced prison remand population, Sentences served in prison (type and length) Receptions and Releases, Her Majestys Inspectorate for Prisons (HMIP) survey[footnote 59], Self-harm in custody, Probation (Community Orders and Suspended Sentence Orders). The matched cohort data also provided information on the proportion of those sentenced/cautioned that have a history of being persistently absent[footnote 110] from school, have a previous record of being permanently excluded[footnote 111] from school, or have received a fixed period exclusion[footnote 112], at any point during KS4. We are trialling the publication of this statistical bulletin in HTML format alongside the usual PDF version and we are seeking user feedback on the use of HTML for the publication of statistical bulletins. The proportion of female children remanded in custody (17%) was lower than male children (48%). The total prison population as at 30 June 2019[footnote 60] was 82,700. For both young males and young females that received a sentence/caution in the matched offender cohort, over half (57% of males and 61% of females) received Free School Meals (FSM). GillespieShields. Police station advice and magistrates court representation constitute the majority of the total crime lower work load (97%). Of all females sentenced in 2019, Black female offenders had the highest custody rate[footnote 75] at 23%. The number of TVLEO prosecutions has decreased for both female (down 30%) and male (down 37%) defendants since 2015, although the decrease between 2018 and 2019 was negligible compared to previous years. For example, prisons are either male or female institutions, with prisoners normally placed based on their legally recognised gender. The disparity in convictions for these offences may reflect the fact that females make up a slightly larger proportion of benefit claimants[footnote 118]. Reported in the Judicial Diversity Statistics 2020 publication, the quoted figures cover all court judges, i.e. A 5-year time series have been presented wherever possible, of whichever length is most appropriate in context. The most common sentence for summary benefit fraud offences was a community sentence, received by 45% of females and 58% of males convicted for this offence in 2019. The most common sentence for indictable benefit fraud offences was a community sentence, received by 51% of females and 53% of males sentenced in 2019. Over the last 5 years at Crown Court, there was a steady increase in the proportion of both male and female defendants who were not remanded, with a gradual increase of the proportion remanded in custody, offset by a decrease in the proportion of those bailed. Department of Work and Pensions benefits statistics, fewer women coming into the criminal justice system and reoffending, fewer women in custody, especially on short-term sentences, and a greater proportion of women managed in the community successfully; and. Youth custody report for September 2016 published. For example, data on arrests are presented in financial years, while data from courts is presented in calendar years. It is the Ministry of Justices responsibility to maintain compliance with the standards expected for National Statistics. In 2019[footnote 43], the majority of defendants for triable-either-way cases that were sent to the Crown Court were sent on the direction of the magistrate (85%). Overall, of the young offenders sentenced/cautioned, a smaller proportion of young males (80%) had a record of persistent absence compared to young females (85%). , The data in this section refers to arrests for notifiable crimes recorded by the police. , PSRs provide information to the court about the offender and any circumstances surrounding the offence, to help decide on a suitable sentence. As with personal crime, a greater proportion of males were victims, than females (3.6% and 1.4%, respectively). Youth custody report: September 2017 published. , Fast Delivery PSR (oral) The Criminal Justice Act 2003 removed the requirement for all PSRs to be written. Data has bee updated and published for May 2013. Males were significantly more likely to fall victim to violence and robbery compared to females, with a significant increase in male robbery victims since 2017/18. Figure 3.02: Percentage of adults who were victims of violent crime, by age group, year ending March 2019. Similar proportions are seen in convictions. In 2017, the national average paid in child support to custodial parents amounted to $3,431 per year. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. You have accepted additional cookies. In 2019, fines were the most common sentence given to both male and female offenders sentenced at all courts, but females typically had less severe sentencing outcomes. Of the 34,300 defendants convicted for shoplifting, 9,600 (28%) were female. The proportion issued to females has slightly decreased over the last 5 years, from 24% in 2015. Overall, of the young offenders sentenced/cautioned, a larger proportion of young males (14%) had been permanently excluded compared to young females (10%). The representation of females among HMPPS staff (excluding NPS)[footnote 122] has increased over the last five years, from 39% to 42%. Compared to males, a significantly higher proportion of females reported: self-declared mental health problems, physical disability, having drug and alcohol problems, money worries and housing worries. News stories, speeches, letters and notices, Reports, analysis and official statistics, Data, Freedom of Information releases and corporate reports. 2% of crime lower legal aid clients had an unstated sex. , Data are from the most recently published Homicide in England and Wales, 2018/19. This is the latest biennial compendium of Statistics on Women and the Criminal Justice System and follows its sister publication Statistics on Race and the Criminal Justice System published last year. ONS data from 2012 shows that of the UK's 400,000 single parent families, only 13.5% of these (54,000) are single dads. Figure 5.08: Median number of days from offence to completion, by offence group and sex, 2019. In 2019, the number of individuals who self-harmed per 1,000 prisoners was 335 for females and 148 for males[footnote 67]. Publish a time-series of revisions due to errors in our statistical processes and procedures so we can monitor the quality of our outputs. Figure 7.02 Conviction ratios for indictable offences by sex and ethnic group, England and Wales, 2019. This proportion was slightly less for females (83%), than for males (85%). Monthly statistics on the population in custody of children and young people within the secure estate. Analysis of offender characteristics such as SEN and FSM is also based on academic years 2013/14 and 2014/15. Email:, Alternative formats are available on request from, Available at, Fieldwork for the year to March 2020 was suspended two weeks early on Wednesday the 18th March 2020, just prior to the lockdown restrictions being announced by the Government on the 23rd March 2020. There were 5.4 million custodial parents who were supposed to receive child support in 2017, 1.2 million of which (22.2%) had family incomes below the poverty threshold. These single parents are raising as many as 22.4 million children. , Court outcomes figures split by sex and ethnicity is limited to indictable offences where is a robust proportion with known ethnicity. A higher proportion of female defendants were not remanded by police, which may be due in part to the different types of offences for which females and males are prosecuted and hence the risk they are perceived as representing. Figure 3.03: Number of homicide offences currently recorded by the police, by sex of victim, 2008/09 to 2018/19. Possession of an article with blade or point (760 sentenced). , Where sex is known. Of all female offenders cautioned or convicted in 2019, 35% were first time offenders, compared to 22% for males. Twenty-nine percent of fathers see their children, 1-4 times a month. Youth custody report for July 2014 published. There is only ever one principal suspect per homicide victim. In 2019/20, 640,000 arrests were carried out by police in England and Wales, which has remained stable over the last 3 years following a previously downward trend. Over the last 5 years, a higher proportion of males were bailed or remanded in custody. The custody rate for this offence was 19% for females in 2019, compared with 26% for males. The statistics reported in this bulletin are primarily National Statistics[footnote 1], as drawn from either other published National Statistics bulletins or the data underpinning them. Statistics on PSRs are published alongside Offender Management Statistics. This offence accounted for 30% of all female convictions, compared to 4% of male convictions. The largest difference in proportions between genders for fixed period exclusion was seen for those who were dealt with by a suspended sentence. Statistics show that women are awarded child custody in nearly 90 percent of all cases. The main source of referral was the police, accounting for 60% of male and 68% of female young people. A lower proportion of females paid their PNDs in full (47%) compared to males (51%) and had a slightly higher proportion of fines registered (36% compared to 35%). In 2019, 1.29 million defendants[footnote 48] were directed to appear at magistrates courts (including those who failed to appear). Previous data representing ages 16-59 are therefore incomparable to data after April 2017. Police station advice alone accounts for 71% of the workload for both sexes in 2019, increasing from around 60% since 2012. This chapter (largely drawing from the Offender Management statistics Quarterly) provides statistics relating to offenders in custody or under supervision in the community, by sex. Males maintain higher risk of personal crime than females. In this section, all analysis looks at those in the matched offender cohort who were eligible for Free School Meals (FSM) and/or had Special Education Needs (SEN), at any point during KS4. News stories, speeches, letters and notices, Reports, analysis and official statistics, Data, Freedom of Information releases and corporate reports. Defendants with unknown or not stated ethnicity accounted for 28% of all indictable prosecutions in 2019.

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